WARNING: This story contains descriptions of a man being beaten.
The U.S. and the city of Memphis struggled to come to grips Saturday with video showing police pummelling Tyre Nichols — footage that left many unanswered questions about the traffic stop involving the Black motorist and about other law enforcement officers who stood by as he lay motionless on the pavement.
The five disgraced Memphis Police Department officers involved, who are also Black, have been fired and charged with second-degree murder and other crimes in Nichols's death three days after the January arrest. The video, released Friday, renewed questions about how fatal encounters with law enforcement continue even after repeated calls for change.
A Memphis police spokesperson declined to comment on the role played by other officers who showed up at the scene.
Memphis Police Director Cerelyn "CJ" Davis has said that other officers are under investigation, and Shelby County Sheriff Floyd Bonner said two deputies have been relieved of duty without pay while their conduct is investigated.
Rodney Wells, Nichols's stepfather, said the family would "continue to seek justice and get some more officers arrested." He said several others failed to render aid, making them "just as culpable as the officers who threw the blows."
Cities nationwide had braced for demonstrations, but the protests were scattered and nonviolent. In Memphis, several dozen demonstrators blocked the Interstate 55 bridge that carries traffic over the Mississippi River toward Arkansas. Semi-trailer trucks were backed up for a distance.
Demonstrators at times blocked traffic while chanting slogans and marching through the streets of New York City, Los Angeles and Portland, Ore. In Washington, protesters gathered across the street from the White House and near Black Lives Matter Plaza.
Memphis remained on edge. Ahead of the protests, some downtown businesses boarded up windows, and the school system cancelled after-school activities. Memphis-Shelby County Schools, which has about 100,000 students, postponed athletics and extracurricular activities on Saturday.
"I cried," said protester Christopher Taylor, a Memphis native who said the officers appeared to be laughing as they stood around after the beating.
Blake Ballin, the lawyer for fired officer Desmond Mills, told The Associated Press in a statement Saturday that while the videos "have produced as many questions as they have answers," the question of whether the city would stay peaceful "has been answered."
So-called Scorpion unit
Some questions will focus on what Mills "knew and what he was able to see when he arrived late to the scene" and whether his actions "crossed the lines that were crossed by other officers during this incident," Ballin said.
The arrest was made by the so-called Scorpion unit of the Memphis police, which has three teams of about 30 street officers who target violent offenders in areas beset by high crime, Davis said.
In an AP interview Friday, she said she would not shut down a unit if a few officers commit "some egregious act" and because she needs that unit to continue to work.
"The whole idea that the Scorpion unit is a bad unit. I just have a problem with that," she said.
A few hours later, Memphis Mayor Jim Strickland said the unit has been inactive since the Jan. 7 arrest.
The city is "initiating an outside, independent review of the training, policies and operations of our specialized units," Strickland said in a statement.
Davis acknowledged that the police department has a supervisor shortage and said city officials have pledged to provide more.
"The lack of supervision in this incident was a major problem," Davis said.
'Stop, I'm not doing anything'
The recording shows police savagely beating Nichols, a 29-year-old FedEx worker, for three minutes while screaming profanities at him. The Nichols family legal team has likened the assault to the infamous 1991 police beating of Los Angeles motorist Rodney King.
Questions swirled around what led to the traffic stop in the first place. One officer can be heard saying that Nichols wouldn't stop and then swerved as though he intended to hit the officer's car. The officer said that when Nichols pulled up to a red light, the officers jumped out of the car.
"We tried to get him to stop," the officer said. "He didn't stop."
My heart goes out to Tyre Nichols’ family and to Americans in Memphis and across the country who are grieving this tremendously painful loss. There are no words to describe the heartbreak and grief of losing a beloved child and young father.⁰⁰Here's my full statement. pic.twitter.com/ghROhSGtao—
But Davis said the department cannot substantiate the reason for the stop.
"We don't know what happened," she said. "All we know is the amount of force that was applied in this situation was over the top."
On the video, officers can be seen holding Nichols down and repeatedly striking him with their fists, boots and batons as the Black motorist screamed for his mother.
The video is filled with violent moments showing the officers chasing Nichols and leaving him on the pavement propped against a squad car as they fist-bump and celebrate their actions.
After the first officer roughly pulls Nichols out of a car, Nichols can be heard saying, "I didn't do anything," as a group of officers begins to wrestle him to the ground.
One officer is heard yelling, "Tase him! Tase him!"
Nichols calmly says, "OK, I'm on the ground."
"You guys are really doing a lot right now," Nichols says. "I'm just trying to go home."
"Stop, I'm not doing anything!" he yells moments later.
Nichols can then be seen running as an officer fires a Taser at him. His mother's home, where he lived, was only a few houses away from the scene of the beating, and his family said he was trying to get there. The officers then start chasing Nichols.
Other officers are called, and a search ensues before Nichols is caught at another intersection. The officers beat him with a baton, and kick and punch him.
Security camera footage shows three officers surrounding Nichols as he lies in the street cornered between police cars, with a fourth officer nearby.
Two officers hold Nichols to the ground as he moves about, and then the third appears to kick him in the head. Nichols slumps more fully onto the pavement with all three officers surrounding him. The same officer kicks him again.
The fourth officer then walks over, draws a baton and holds it up at shoulder level as two officers hold Nichols upright, as if he were sitting.
"I'm going to baton the f—k out you," one officer can be heard saying. His body camera shows him raise his baton while at least one other officer holds Nichols. The officer strikes Nichols on the back with the baton three times in a row.
The vicious, unjustified beating of Tyre Nichols and his ultimate death at the hands of five Memphis police officers is just the latest, painful reminder of how far America still has to go in fixing how we police our streets. pic.twitter.com/ITmrNNJhiT—
The other officers then appear to hoist Nichols to his feet, with him flopping like a doll, barely able to stay upright.
An officer then punches him in the face, as the officer with the baton continues to menace him. Nichols stumbles and turns, still held up by two officers. The officer who punched him then walks around to Nichols's front and punches him four more times. Then Nichols collapses.
Two officers can then be seen atop Nichols on the ground, with a third nearby, for about 40 seconds. Three more officers then run up, and one can be seen kicking Nichols on the ground.
No person, no family, no community, no people should be made to suffer such trauma. #TyreNichols pic.twitter.com/1t0IAGfwCB—
As Nichols is slumped up against a car, not one of the officers renders aid. The body camera footage shows a first-person view of one of them reaching down and tying his shoe.
It takes more than 20 minutes after Nichols is beaten and on the pavement before any sort of medical attention is provided, even though two fire department officers arrived on the scene with medical equipment within 10 minutes.
Throughout the videos, officers make claims about Nichols' behaviour that are not supported by the footage or that the district attorney and other officials have said did not happen. In one of the videos, an officer claims that during the initial traffic stop Nichols reached for the officer's gun before fleeing and almost had his hand on the handle, which is not shown in the video.
After Nichols is in handcuffs and leaning against a police car, several officers say that he must have been high. Later an officer says no drugs were found in his car, and another officer immediately counters that Nichols must have ditched something while he was running away.
Authorities have not released an autopsy report, but they have said nothing of note was found in the car.
Court records showed that all five former officers — Tadarrius Bean, Demetrius Haley, Emmitt Martin III, Justin Smith and Mills — were taken into custody.
Second-degree murder is punishable by 15 to 60 years in prison under Tennessee law.